First the chart.
Alarming decline in the growth rate of food grain production! The compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of food grain production declined from about 4.5% in the 80s to 2.06% in the 90s to as low as 1.21% during the first nine years of the current decade. So much so, during this current decade, while the growth rate in food grain production is failing to keep pace with population growth. In the current decade, the average population growth rate has been 1.59%. Are we not heading for a food scarcity.
Add to this the high incidence of poverty and malnutrition, and one is tempted to believe that India prefers to follow the Malthusian law to keep the population under check. So much for our growth and development!